Author(s): Tripti Lokesh *
Tridosha Vata - Pita – Kapha; Dushya Rasa, Rakta and Ojha play an important role in pathogenesis of Hypotension or Hypertension where heart with arteries is the main site of the disease. The symptoms of Vibheti (terror), Hridya Tamyati (Palpitation), Vyatitha-indriya (loss of senses), Tama Darshana (blackouts) etc. due to Vata, Ojha and Rasa Dhatu Kshaya can be compared with hypotension. Vata causes hypertension when it acts alone by raising heart beat too much or in combination with Pita and Kapha Dosha causing Rakta Dhatu, Rasa Dhatu and Meda Dhatu Dushti (intoxicated with wastes). The symptomatology quoted under Raktapradoshaja Rogas by Acharya Charaka almost coincides with essential hypertension symptomatology among those Anidra (insomnia), Shirahashoola (headache), Bhrama (giddiness), Buddhisanmoha (syncope), Klama (tired), Arati (restless), and Krodhaprachurata (too much anger), Akshiraga (redness of eyes) are the common symptoms. Thus Rakta dushti is the common factor which always gets involved in Hypertension. Many patients of Hypo/Hypertension can be fully cured in Ayurveda.