Author(s): Shah Fasal, Junaid Nazir Dandroo*
According to The Merck Manual definition haemorrhoids is “Varicosities of the veins of the haemorrhoidal plexus, often complicated by inflammation, thrombosis, and bleeding”. But a recent definition of haemorrhoids is “Vascular cushions, consisting of thick sub mucosa containing both venous and arterial blood. In Unani literature, hemorrhoids are known as “Bawaseer”. Bawaseer is the plural of baasoor, which means wart or polyp like swelling. According to Hippocrates (Buqrat) Bawaseer is the varicosities of the internal mucous membrane of rectum in which the veins get swollen similar to the veins of lower limb. According to Majoosi, Bawaseer is an excessive growth at mouth of vessels present in anus. Total 200 OPD/IPD patients with haemorrhoids were seen in Dept. of Moalijat, Jamia Tibbiya Deoband, UP, India from Jan 2018 to Feb 2019. Demographic data and Ano rectal examination was done for each patient. Higher prevalence (51%) was observed in age range of 51-60 years. As per sex (75.5%) were males and (24.5%) females as per dietary habits (77%) having Mixed dietary habit. As per straining on defecation, maximum patients (45.50%) usually strain for <5 min. As Per SES majority of the patients belongs to middle class (47.5%). Diseases of the rectum and anus are common phenomena. Their prevalence in the general population is probably much higher than that seen in clinical practice, since most patients do not seek medical attention.