Author(s): Taufiq Ahmad *, A.B.Khan, Tabassum Latafat
Concept of infection and infestation are being postulated by various ancient as well as modern scholars’ dates back. Robert Koch (1843-1910) is supposed to be the pioneer for enlighten the concept of infection and its association with microbes. Although there is no description of any kind of microorganism by name in the ancient literature, but from the careful survey of the Tibbi literature it is evident that the Arab Physicians were well conversant with the process of infection to which they named as Ta’diyah (infection) and Ufunah (Putrefaction). The unique method adopted by Al-Razi (Rhazes) to choose the most suitable and healthiest site for construction of the hospital building also bears testimony to the fact that he was aware of the presence of microorganisms. Avicenna in his famous book Al-Qanoon has mentioned the microorganism as ajsam khabisah. The review highlights only the Unani descriptions, which are mentioned in classical Unani literature.