Author(s): Deepak B. Anap*, Subhash Khatri, Ashish J Prabhakar
A single case study design was used to investigate the effects sodium diclofenac (Voltaren Emulgel®, Novartis) phonophoresis and back stabilization exercises for lumbar facet syndrome. A visual analogue scale was used to measure pain, Modified Oswestery disability questionnaire was used to measure disability and Sorensen test was used to measure back endurance. The study involved three phases in an ABC design. They were 1- week pre assessment, 2- treatment phase and 2 week post treatment assessment phase and 2 weeks follow up phase. The technique resulted in reduction in pain, reduction in disability and improvement in core muscle strength in case of Facet syndrome. Although single case study design limits generalization of the results, it does provide evidence of the beneficial response obtained by use of Phonophoresis and stabilization exercises in Facet syndrome patients.